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Orthopedics

The branch of medicine dealing with the correction of deformities of bones or muscles

 

Total Knee Replacement

 

Once you are under general anesthesia an 8- to 12-inch cut is made in the front of the knee. The damaged part of the joint is removed from the surface of the bones, and the surfaces are then shaped to hold a metal or plastic artificial joint. The artificial joint is attached to the thigh bone, shin and knee cap either with cement or a special material. When fit together, the attached artificial parts form the joint, relying on the surrounding muscles and ligaments for support and function.

 

Total Hip Replacement / Partial Hip Replacement

 

Partial hip replacement, also called hip hemiarthroplasty, is a surgical procedure where only the femoral head (the ball) of the damaged hip joint is replaced. The acetabulum (the socket) is not replaced.

Total hip replacement (THR) is a treatment option for late-stage degenerative hip disease, also known asosteoarthritis or degenerative arthritis. THR is one of the most successful and common surgical procedures in orthopedic surgery. In addition to marked reduction in pain and improvement in sleep, most people regain range of motion, physical ability, and quality of life.

 

Bone Marrow Transplantt

 

Stem cells in bone marrow produce three important types of blood cells:

• Red blood cells – which carry oxygen around the body

• White blood cells – which help fight infection

• Platelets – which help stop bleeding

 

Bone marrow transplants are often needed to treat conditions that damage bone marrow. If bone marrow is damaged, it is no longer able to produce normal blood cells. The new stem cells take over blood cell production.